Archeologists Plan To Scan The Great Pyramid Of Giza With Cosmic Rays

Scientists and engineers have been studying the mysteries of the pyramids of Egypt for years now. But one thing still evades them: what is inside the two voids of the Great Pyramid of Giza?

Past scans have shown two voids in the ancient structure: one located just above the pyramid’s grand gallery that measures about 98 feet (30 meters) long and 20 feet (6 m) in height and one much smaller void, just beyond the north face of the structure.

Now, a new team from the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory is planning to undertake a cosmic-ray scan of the Great Pyramid once more to uncover specifically what lies in these two voids, according to a preprint paper published by the scientists. 

This advanced cosmic-ray scan relies upon the use of muons, the elementary particle created when cosmic rays hit atoms in Earth’s atmosphere. These particles are hundreds of times bigger than electrons and as a result, react differently to stone or dense matter. 

Increasingly, scientists have been using sensitive detectors to scan the muon content of structures. It is this process that allowed them to map Giza’s empty spaces. This technology has been used before but this group of scientists is planning on using a heightened version to get even better results.

“We plan to field a telescope system that has upwards of 100 times the sensitivity of the equipment that has recently been used at the Great Pyramid,” the scientists wrote in their paper that has not been peer-reviewed yet.