To promote widespread adoption of climate-smart agriculture, Pakistan has to empower agriculture and livestock farmers through expanded use of technology. To adjust the food system to increasing food and energy prices, more focus and efficiency in government expenditures are also required.
Pakistan needs to encourage more use of digital technology in both rural and urban regions to make the food system more responsive, robust, and efficient, according to a World Bank report. Improved identification of disadvantaged households, targeting of social safety net clients, and monitoring of the performance of various food security support mechanisms require collaboration among government actors, the private sector, civil society, and philanthropic organisations. Pakistan must also address food insecurity in rural and urban regions through multi-sectoral efforts.
It must also improve market access for both manufacturers and consumers. Work on laws, guidelines, and rules for improved quality control, better payment mechanisms, and consumer protection measures should be prioritised. The COVID epidemic brought attention to the dangers and consequences of disease transfer from animals to people. Pakistan has a vast cattle population that is infected with a variety of viruses and germs. This makes it even more critical for the government to take concrete steps like improving vaccination campaigns against common livestock diseases, developing institutional capacities and protocols for surveillance, monitoring, and reporting systems in both rural and urban areas, and formulating improved regulations for the establishment and operation of livestock colonies.